American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022

  • Conversion to Open Repair During Thoracoscopic Repair of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in Neonates: Risk Factors and Countermeasures

    Ping Zhao, Wei Zuo, Wei Gao, Xiang Liu

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 152-157
    Received: 17 June 2022
    Accepted: 7 July 2022
    Published: 20 July 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.11
    Abstract: There are currently no general guidelines on the selection criteria for thoracoscopic repair (TR) of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in neonates, and some patients who are not suitable for the thoracoscopic approach have to be converted to open repair (OR) after undergoing initial thoracoscopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors as... Show More
  • Predictors of Adverse Outcomes in Neonates with Seizures

    Menna Ebrahim Hashish, Ahmad Darwish, Mohamed Reda Bassiouny

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 158-167
    Received: 23 June 2022
    Accepted: 9 July 2022
    Published: 20 July 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.12
    Abstract: Background: Seizures in neonatal period could generate long-term neurodevelopmental impairment; therefore, explicit clarification of adverse outcome predictors should direct the ongoing and subsequent treatment plan. Objective: The study aimed to address predictors of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes and/or mortality of full-term infants who dev... Show More
  • Extrahepatal Cholestasis Due to Choledochal Cyst Type Iv Todani Classification in Two Years Old Girl

    Luh Made Diah Wulandari Artana, I Gusti Ngurah Sanjaya Putra, Kadek Deddy Ariyanta, I Putu Gede Karyana, Ni Nyoman Metriani Nesa, I Made Darmajaya

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 168-172
    Received: 5 July 2022
    Accepted: 20 July 2022
    Published: 28 July 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.13
    Abstract: Choledocal cyst (CC) is a rare congenital cystic dilation of bile duct and can be associated with serious complications including malignancy and inflammation of the surrounding anatomy. Approximately 80% of CC is diagnosed in infants and young children in their first decade of life. Complete surgical resection is recommended in patients with choled... Show More
  • Vitamin D-Dependent Rickets Type 2: Rare Case Report

    Hanady Al Haddad, Raymonda Chahrour, Zahra Moukhader, Hassan Fakhredine, Sanaa Saadeddine, Saada Alameh

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 173-176
    Received: 20 June 2022
    Accepted: 15 July 2022
    Published: 4 August 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.14
    Abstract: Vitamin D dependent rickets type 2 A (VDDR2A) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder due to end-organ resistance to 1, 25 (OH)2 vitamin D3. Clinically it can emerged by growth retardation. Rickets in the first year of life is frequently associated with alopecia, hypocalcaemia, secondary hyperparathyroidism. We report a rare case of VDDR2A in a 2 ye... Show More
  • Correlation Between Method of Labor and Incidence of Neonatal Asphyxia at Wangaya General Hospital, Denpasar

    I Gusti Agung Gede Narayana Tantra, I Wayan Bikin Suryawan, Kadek Suarca, I Gusti Ayu Trisna Windiani

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 177-180
    Received: 10 July 2022
    Accepted: 2 August 2022
    Published: 10 August 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.15
    Abstract: Indonesia is one of ten countries with the highest newborn mortality rate. Asphyxia is the second most common cause of neonatal death (27%) under low birth weight (35,3%) and is still a major health worldwide problem. The risk factor for neonatal asphyxia are grouped into four, maternal factors, infant factors, umbilical cord factors and labor fact... Show More
  • Delayed Diagnosis of Congenital Hypothyroid: Concealed Problem in Developing Countries

    Luh Putu Eka Sari Kresnandari, I Made Arimbawa, I Made Darma Yuda

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 181-184
    Received: 13 July 2022
    Accepted: 5 August 2022
    Published: 24 August 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.16
    Abstract: Introduction: Screening program of congenital hypothyroidism is one of crucial evaluation in newborn period, because early detection and prompt treatment can prevent mental retardation. This screening is quite simple, and the result was revealed quickly. Beside devastating effect to central nervous system, undiagnosed congenital hypothyroidism also... Show More
  • Evaluation of MAG3 Renal Scan for Detection of Differential Renal Function and Renal Scar in Comparison to DMSA Scan in Pediatric Population

    Ferdous Ara Begum, Jasmine Ara Haque, Pupree Mutsuddy, Muhammad Zahangir Alam

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 185-190
    Received: 19 December 2021
    Accepted: 16 May 2022
    Published: 29 August 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.17
    Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children is a devastating illness with long-term effects. Globally the prevalence of CKD in childhood has been variously reported at 15 to 74.7 per million children with an increased burden in developing countries like Bangladesh. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of Tc-99m MAG3 renal scintigraphy for... Show More
  • Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio, Monocyte to Lymphocyte Ratio, Platelet to Lymphocyte Ratio as Predictor of Outcome in Children with Community Acquired Pneumonia

    Handoyo, Ni Putu Siadi Purniti, I Gusti Ngurah Sanjaya Putra, I Gusti Ngurah Made Suwarba, I Putu Gede Karyana, I Gusti Ayu Eka Pratiwi

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2022
    Pages: 191-195
    Received: 25 August 2022
    Accepted: 7 September 2022
    Published: 27 September 2022
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20220803.18
    Abstract: Background: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children. An easy and inexpensive diagnostic tool is needed in managing the disease effectively. Neutrophil lymphocytes ratio (NLR), monocyte lymphocytes (MLR), and platelet lymphocytes (PLR) have role in predicting outcome of adult community acquired pneumonia but data in pediatric population ... Show More