American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022

  • Artificial Intelligence in Paediatric Emergencies: A Narrative Review

    Saeed Abdullah Alzahrani, Abdullah Ahmad Alzahrani, Abdullah Al-Shamrani

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 51-55
    Received: Mar. 12, 2022
    Accepted: Mar. 31, 2022
    Published: Apr. 09, 2022
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    Abstract: Background: The functionality of Artificial intelligence (AI) in paediatric practices has been gaining more attention for last five years. Since then, researchers have started observing that the techniques are helpful in dealing multiple facets of childhood diseases including emergency like situations. This article has been aimed to discuss the cur... Show More
  • Lung Clearance Index to Detect Early Pulmonary Changes in Children with Sickle Cell Disease

    Sophia Williams, Monica Chaung, Paul Kang

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 56-62
    Received: Dec. 24, 2021
    Accepted: Mar. 23, 2022
    Published: Apr. 14, 2022
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    Abstract: Objective: Pulmonary complications including acute chest syndrome, are leading causes of sickle cell disease (SCD) related morbidity and mortality. Prior studies have shown that patients with pulmonary complications have evidence of pulmonary involvement reflected in lung functions trends as early as childhood. Spirometry is the current standard fo... Show More
  • Determinants of Low Birth Weight at the University Hospital Center of Brazzaville (Republic of Congo)

    Buambo Gauthier Regis Jostin, Ngakengni Nelie Yvette, Eckoba Oba Jean Baptiste, Potokoue Mpia Sekangue Samantha Nuelly, Mokoko Jules Cesar, Itoua Clautaire, Iloki Leon Herve

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 63-69
    Received: Mar. 13, 2022
    Accepted: Mar. 30, 2022
    Published: Apr. 14, 2022
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    Abstract: Objective: Analyze the determinants of low birth weight at the Center Hospitalier Universitaire de Brazzaville. Methods: Case-control study, conducted from January 01 to June 30, 2020, in the Gynecology-Obstetrics department of the Brazzaville University Hospital, comparing 200 mother and newborn couples with a birth weight < 2500g (Cases) and 200 other mother and newborn couples -born with birth weight ≥ 2500g (Controls). The variables studied were pre, per and post partal. The p-value of the probability was considered significant for a value less than 0.05. Results: The mothers wer... Show More
  • Quality Improvement Initiative in Pediatric Critical Care

    Miranda Marie Schmidt

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 70-76
    Received: Mar. 14, 2022
    Accepted: Apr. 06, 2022
    Published: Apr. 14, 2022
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    Abstract: In a large academic pediatric medical center the formation of specialty care teams in the pediatric critical care setting led to the improvement in quality delivered to patients who had tracheostomies. Through frontline staff participation and interdisciplinary leadership – the team developed and strengthened processes that led to implementation of... Show More
  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Late Effects of Early Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Encephalitis

    Patrick Galland, Frank Maria Fischer, Oana Funke, Stephan Förster, Berenike Steven, Melissa Spitzer

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 77-85
    Received: Mar. 01, 2022
    Accepted: Apr. 06, 2022
    Published: Apr. 20, 2022
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    Abstract: The most common late sequelae of herpes simplex virus type 1 encephalitis (HSVE) include secondary epilepsy, learning, language and memory disorders, and chronic headaches. The typical pattern of HSVE leads to necrosis in the temporal and frontal lobes, thus affecting areas of the brain specifically responsible for the coordination of memory and em... Show More
  • The Association Between Nutritional Status on Admission and Hospital-Acquired Malnutrition in Pediatric Patients at Sanglah General Hospital

    Jessica Sugiharto, I Gusti Lanang Sidiartha, I Gusti Ayu Putu Eka Pratiwi

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 86-90
    Received: Mar. 11, 2022
    Accepted: Apr. 09, 2022
    Published: Apr. 20, 2022
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    Abstract: Introduction: Hospital-acquired malnutrition is one aspect of childhood malnutrition that healthcare professionals might not recognize. The prevalence of hospital-acquired malnutrition globally and in developing countries is still high varies between 6.1%-40.9%. Various factors contributed to the frequency of hospital-acquired malnutrition, includi... Show More
  • Evaluation of Remineralization Effect of Various Toothpastes on White Spot Enamel Lesions: An in Vitro Study

    Masoumeh Moslemi, Mehrnaz Mahmodabadi, Zahra Bastani, Zahra Khalili Sadrabad, Faezeh Sadat Faghihi, Zahra Shadkar

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 91-97
    Received: Mar. 06, 2022
    Accepted: Apr. 14, 2022
    Published: Apr. 28, 2022
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    Abstract: Despite the high prevalence of tooth-caries and various efforts to prevent it, studies on plant compounds and their anti-caries properties have been largely neglected. Brushing with toothpaste is the most effective way for caries prevention. This study was performed on KREND herbal toothpaste (containing Calendula and Salvia Officinalis), Herbex (c... Show More
  • Role of Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) on Proper Growth, Immunity, and Tolerance in Ensuring Lifelong Health for Infants and Toddlers

    Aftab Yusuf Raj, Rajesh Majumder, Fuadul Islam, ATM Rafique Uzzal, Kuntal Roy, Kamrul Hasan, Sabira Rahman

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 98-103
    Received: Mar. 19, 2022
    Accepted: Apr. 08, 2022
    Published: Apr. 29, 2022
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    Abstract: Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) contain numerous biomolecules. It is the third most abundant solid component of breast milk, after lactose and lipids, that plays an important role in infant growth and the development of human life. Several studies have reported the health benefits of HMOs, which include modulation of the intestinal microbiota, a... Show More
  • Osteopathic Evaluation and Positional Plagiocephaly: A Descriptive Study on a Population of Children with ASD

    Magda Di Renzo, Alessandro Laurenti, Federico Bianchi Di Castelbianco, Elena Vanadia, Massimiliano Petrillo, Simona D’Errico, Rosaria Ferrara, Lidia Racinaro, Monica Rea

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 104-110
    Received: Mar. 29, 2022
    Accepted: Apr. 25, 2022
    Published: May 10, 2022
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    Abstract: The discipline of osteopathy is a whole person approach that incorporates medical and scientific knowledge using an array of manipulative techniques for diagnosis and treatment of several types of diseases (WHO). The ostheopathic examination allows to locate somatic dysfunctions which are the hallmarks of health imbalance caused by stressful events... Show More
  • Duplex Collecting System of Right Kidney in 3-Year-Old Child: A Case Report

    Ni Made Dwi Angga Riani, Gusti Ayu Putu Nilawati, Gede Wirya Kusuma Duarsa, Pande Putu Yuli Anandasari, Bagus Ngurah Mahakrishna

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 111-114
    Received: Apr. 03, 2022
    Accepted: May 05, 2022
    Published: May 12, 2022
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    Abstract: Background: The duplex collecting system is one of the congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract. It occurs in 0.2-2% of the general population. It can remain asymptomatic or become symptomatic. Affected children may present with urinary tract infections. Treatment options include pharmacological and surgical approaches. Case: We reported a ... Show More
  • Nomadic and Rural Population of Balochistan: Exploring the Pockets of Poor Childhood Immunization in the Most Under-Vaccinated Province of Pakistan

    Sumera Akram, Muhammad Ahmed Khan, Abdul Rehman, Noor-ul-Haq

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 115-120
    Received: Apr. 25, 2022
    Accepted: May 20, 2022
    Published: May 31, 2022
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    Abstract: Objective: To assess the immunization coverage of children less than 2 years of age in rural and nomadic population of Balochistan. To assess the knowledge of parents about EPI immunization and find reasons of poor vaccination. Material and methods: The cross-sectional survey was conducted in rural population and nomadic tribes located in suburbs o... Show More
  • Prevalence and Biochemical Risk Factors of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Infants Under 6 Months Old in Single Tertiary Referral Hospital

    Leni Lukman, I Gusti Ayu Putu Eka Pratiwi, I Gusti Lanang Sidiartha

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 121-125
    Received: May 06, 2022
    Accepted: May 19, 2022
    Published: May 31, 2022
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    Abstract: Severe acute malnutrition remains to be a burden in developing countries, including Indonesia. Recent studies and researches started to highlight the importance of recognizing severe acute malnutrition in infants under 6 months old. This is a cross-sectional study aims to know the prevalence and biochemical risk factors of severe acute malnutrition... Show More
  • Implementation, Patient Satisfaction and Usability of Telemedicine Services for Pediatric Thalassemia Cases in Balochistan During COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond

    Sumera Akram, Muhammad Ahmed Khan

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 126-131
    Received: Apr. 25, 2022
    Accepted: May 23, 2022
    Published: Jun. 16, 2022
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    Abstract: Background: Telemedicine health service has revolutionized delivery of health care to the doorsteps of needy and deserving cases especially since the onset of the recent pandemic; COVID-19. Beta thalassemia major children require lifelong medical care, despite any untoward circumstances. Aim of this study is to identify role of telemedicine in diag... Show More
  • Pulmonary Endarterectomy for Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension in a 5-year-old Girl with No Risk Factors - A Case Report

    Sudivya Sharma, Adeel Rahman, Arun Beeman, Shahin Moledina, Alex Robertson, David Jenkins, Mirjana Cvetkovic, Nagarajan Muthialu

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 132-136
    Received: May 13, 2022
    Accepted: May 31, 2022
    Published: Jun. 16, 2022
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    Abstract: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) in pediatric population is rare. We present a case of five-year-old female child, diagnosed as CTEPH on warfarin and home oxygen for 6 months. Imaging showed extensive thrombus in distal right pulmonary artery (RPA) than left pulmonary artery (LPA). She clinically deterioration inspite of maxima... Show More
  • Influence of Birth Season Climate on Adult Total Serum IgE Levels

    John Kelly Smith

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 137-140
    Received: May 22, 2022
    Accepted: Jun. 10, 2022
    Published: Jun. 16, 2022
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    Abstract: Background: The effect of birth season climate on adult IgE-mediated respiratory disease is an important public health issue. Objective: To determine the effect of birth season climate on adult total serum IgE (TSIgE) levels. Study design: The study is a retrospective chart review with the following inclusion criteria: TSIgE measurement, age ≥ 16, ... Show More
  • Profound Sensorineural Hearing Loss Following Adjuvant Steroid Delay in Pediatric Bacterial Meningitis

    Nayri Topalian, Amani Mansour, Saraa Wehbe, Sarah El Yaman

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 141-145
    Received: May 23, 2022
    Accepted: Jun. 14, 2022
    Published: Jun. 27, 2022
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    Abstract: Streptococcus pneumonia is a gram positive, polysaccharide-encapsulated diplococcus associated with various pulmonary and extra-pulmonary clinical presentations including invasive diseases such as acute meningitis. It can be associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in both the pediatric and the adult populations. The introduction of th... Show More
  • Microorganism and Antibiotik Sensitivity Pattern of Children Bacterial Meningitis in Denpasar Tertiary Hospital 2019-2020

    Dewi Sutriani Mahalini, Putu Pradnyanita Mustika, I Gusti Ngurah Made Suwarba

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2022
    Pages: 146-151
    Received: May 30, 2022
    Accepted: Jun. 16, 2022
    Published: Jun. 27, 2022
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    Abstract: Introduction: Bacterial meningitis is a severe acute infection of the central nervous system that caused by bacteria. The antibiotic should be given immediately. An appropriate antibiotic may reduce the morbidity and mortality caused by bacterial meningitis. This study aims to evaluate the bacterial pattern and antibiotic sensitivity in children ba... Show More