Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 442-447
Outcome Comparison Between Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Ni Made Reditya Noviyani, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Ida Bagus Gede Suparyatha, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Dyah Kanya Wati, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
I Nyoman Budi Hartawan, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Received: Oct. 9, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 22, 2020;       Published: Oct. 30, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200604.19      View  48      Downloads  14
Abstract
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung disease characterized by severe diffuse inflammation and hypoxemia. The cause of ARDS can be pulmonary or extrapulmonary originated. The outcome of pulmonary and extrapulmonary pediatric ARDS are poorly described. The objective of this study was to determine the outcome differences between pulmonary and extrapulmonary pediatric ARDS. A retrospective study was carried out in 60 patients who admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), Sanglah Hospital, between January 2018 until December 2019. All children aged 0-18 years old diagnosed with ARDS according to Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference (PALICC) criteria were included in this study. Length of ventilation, ventilator-free days, PICU length of stay, and PICU mortality as the outcome of this study were obtained from medical records. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square and Mann-Whitney test. Most of the patients were supported by invasive ventilation with the severity of ARDS was mild to moderate. The underlying disease of pulmonary ARDS (ARDSp) was pneumonia (100%), whereas in extrapulmonary ARDS (ARDSexp) was sepsis (100%). Analysis of outcome showed significant difference in mortality (33.3% vs 73.3%, p=0.002). The mortality was higher among those in the moderate severity of oxygenation index (64.5%, p=0.001). No significant difference was found in length of ventilation and PICU length of stay. The ventilator-free days in ARDSp was higher (22 days vs 0 days, p=0.000) compared with the ARDSexp. This study concluded that patients with extrapulmonary ARDS had poorer outcomes (higher mortality and less ventilator-free day) compared with pulmonary ARDS. The severity of ARDS based on the oxygenation index measurement can be used to discriminate mortality.
Keywords
Pediatric, Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary ARDS, Outcome
To cite this article
Ni Made Reditya Noviyani, Ida Bagus Gede Suparyatha, Dyah Kanya Wati, I Nyoman Budi Hartawan, Outcome Comparison Between Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020, pp. 442-447. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200604.19
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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