Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 362-367
Bonding, Resilience and Their Promotion by the Pediatrician Taking into Account the Covid-19-Challenge
Hans Michael Strassburg, Former Children’s University Hospital Wuerzburg, Gerbrunn, Germany
Received: Aug. 12, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 28, 2020;       Published: Sep. 3, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200603.42      View  89      Downloads  79
Abstract
The history of childhood is also a history of endangerment and abuse of children. In addition to biological conditions, the experience of basic trust is essential. Based on her sociological field research for successful survival, the developmental psychologist Emmy Werner used the term resilience (elasticity), which originates from technology and considers this to be learnable. In developmental psychology emotional security, curiosity, recognition, boundaries, and community have been described as essential prerequisites that can be divided into child-related, family, and social resilience factors. Although stable mother-child attachment is undoubtedly an essential foundation for healthy development, there are fundamental discussions in the practical implementation, e.g. the beginning of the non-domestic occupation of the mother and nursery care. Today, the autonomy of the infant, its empathic observation, and its imitation of role models are recognized as the essential foundation of development. In the field of psychology and neurophysiology, above all impulse control and the training of empathy and self-will have been identified as important factors for successful personality development. Resilience is hampered by family conflicts, ambivalent, and psychologically abnormal behavior of close associates, as well as poverty and traumatic experiences after the first year of life. There is evidence that a child’s spirituality encourages its resilience. Diverse social-political achievements and pediatric offers in the first years of life can promote resilience but they must be used as early as possible and developed further. In the actual worldwide Covid-19-pandemia the promotion of a resilient behavior is of very great importance.
Keywords
Mother-Child Relationship, Personality Development, Personal Autonomy, Psychological Trauma, Self-Regulation, Covid-19-Pandemia
To cite this article
Hans Michael Strassburg, Bonding, Resilience and Their Promotion by the Pediatrician Taking into Account the Covid-19-Challenge, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 362-367. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200603.42
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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