Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 82-90
Associated Factors to Nutritional Status and Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices in Rural Area of Burkina Faso: A Study in Ouargaye Health District
Siri Baperman Abdel Aziz, Minsitry of Health, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Bengaly Marcel, Department of Life and Earth Sciences, University of Ouaga I Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Konkonbo/Kouanda Zenab, World Bank, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Coulibaly Soumaila, Minsitry of Health, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Garanet Franck, Institute of Research in Health Sciences, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Catraye Dossou Joseph, Private Department of Public Health Support, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Received: May 13, 2019;       Accepted: Jun. 19, 2019;       Published: Jul. 1, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20190503.12      View  107      Downloads  17
Abstract
Although the global trend of malnutrition among children under five is declining, it remains a major public health problem in developing countries such as Burkina Faso. IYCF are major determinants of nutritional status and hence health and child survival. Material and Method: We carried out a cross-sectional study in primary health care centers randomly selected. The objectives of this work were to analyze associated factors to children’s nutritional status and child feeding. The Z-scores (WHO, 2006) were used to determine nutritional’s status of the children. The quality of feeding practices was assessed according to IYCF index. Results: In total, we surveyed 287 children. The average age of children was 10.87 months. The sex ratio was at 1:11. Among children, the prevalence of underweight was 19.2%, that of stunting 31.2% and that of wasting 10.1%. Multigravidity was the predictive risk factor related to underweight in children. Practice of EBF was associated with Z-score Height/Age (p=0.04). The majority (70%) of children had a good score of IYCF index. Among children aged 9–12 months, the Z-score Height/Age (p=0.04) and Z-score Weight/Height (p=0.001) were associated with IYCF index in univariate analysis. For those with at least 12 months of age, sex ant type of habit was the predictive risk factors associated to IYCF index. Conclusion: Malnutrition is common in children. Feeding practices are good and are not associated with sociodemographic characteristics of mothers. IYCF index score decreases with age and is lower after 12 months.
Keywords
Child, Nutritional Status, Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF)
To cite this article
Siri Baperman Abdel Aziz, Bengaly Marcel, Konkonbo/Kouanda Zenab, Coulibaly Soumaila, Garanet Franck, Catraye Dossou Joseph, Associated Factors to Nutritional Status and Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices in Rural Area of Burkina Faso: A Study in Ouargaye Health District, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2019, pp. 82-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20190503.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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