Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 94-99
Prevalence of Head Lice Infestation (Pediculosis Capitis) Among Primary School Students in the Meshkin Shahr of Ardabil Province
Abbasgholizadeh Nategh, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Moradi-Asl Eslam, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Adham Davoud, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Soudi Roghayeh, Experts of Meshkin Shahr Health Center, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Ganji Akbar, Experts of Meshkin Shahr Health Center, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Brije Hassan, Experts of Meshkin Shahr Health Center, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Salehzade Mehdi, Experts of Meshkin Shahr Health Center, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
Received: Aug. 20, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 5, 2018;       Published: Nov. 27, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20180404.14      View  27      Downloads  14
Abstract
Head lice infestation is so common in all parts of the world such as Iran especially in places with high population with poverty and lack of observing personal health principles. The maximum prevalence of louse infestation in children was observed in elementary school. Over prevalence of infestation in this age group and its relationship with education system and thus its generalization to the total population was the main reason of selecting this age group for the present study. This study was descriptive-analytical which aimed to determine the prevalence of head lice in elementary schools students of Meshkin Shahr city in Ardebil province in academic year 2015-2016. 1950 students were selected from 20 schools. For data analysis, the variables were analyzed as multivariate by chi-square test. In general, 1950 students were selected from 20 schools from which 200 students (10.25%) were infested to head lice. From 200 infested students (61%) were city and 78 students (39%) were from village. The ratio of the students in classes with more than 20 students was two times the others and the ratio of the students that studied in the schools with more than 100 students was three times the other schools. The difference between both groups was significant in terms of Pediculosis infestation. (P<0.01). It can be concluded that a set of important factors like crowdedness of students in classroom and school, high population of family, low level of parents’ education were the main reasons of louse infestation and its increase in the current societies.
Keywords
Infestation, Head Lice, Elementary Student, Ardabil, Iran
To cite this article
Abbasgholizadeh Nategh, Moradi-Asl Eslam, Adham Davoud, Soudi Roghayeh, Ganji Akbar, Brije Hassan, Salehzade Mehdi, Prevalence of Head Lice Infestation (Pediculosis Capitis) Among Primary School Students in the Meshkin Shahr of Ardabil Province, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2018, pp. 94-99. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20180404.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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